Man-in-the-Middle Attack: What is it & How to Prevent It
Guide to Protect Yourself From Man-in-the-Middle Attack
For example, earlier in 2015, a Belgium group successfully stole €6 million by hacking into middle and large-sized European organizations. In this attack, hackers were able to gain access to the organization’s corporate email account and were able to convince clients to send money into it. You can read more about the same from the Europol’s press release, where they discussed that the attack was carried out using malware and other social engineering methods.
Also, this attack is considered as one of the prime examples of the man-in-the-middle attack. Here, the attackers carefully kept track of communications with the clients for detecting and taking overpayment requests made by the organizations.
Now, let’s get into details and understand what’s Man-in-the-Middle attack, how it works, and then, later on, we’ll dig into the different types of MITM attacks and what steps must be taken to prevent it.
What Is Man-in-the-Middle Attack & How Does It Works?
- To steal sensitive information such as credit card numbers, login details.
- Snooping into private communications or transactions, which may include trading secrets or other valuable information.
Although, one thing common in MITM attack is that an attacker is trying to portrait as someone or a website you trust.
Here Are the Different Types of MITM Attacks
1. Email Hijacking
For example, they patiently wait, and once they get a chance where the customer is communicating regarding sending money, they’ll spoof the company’s email address by adding their bank details rather than the company’s. That way, the customer will be thinking they’re sending their money to the organization, but in reality, the money is sent to the hacker.
2. Wi-Fi Eavesdropping
3. Session Hijacking
If you’re not aware of cookies, it contains small information, which gives you a smooth browsing experience. And, the data stored on that cookie can be your login credentials, online activity, pre-fill forms, and sometimes your location. And, once the attacker gets their hands on your login cookies, it won’t be hard to login into your account.
4. ARP (Address Resolution Protocol) Spoofing
For example, whenever you log into your bank account, the malware captures the credentials. Sometimes, malware scripts work behind the scenes, which can even transfer the funds from your account while modifying the transaction receipt so that no one can know about it.