SSL Certificate explained in detail
SSL certificates, short for Secure Socket Layer, were developed by Netscape to secure online transactions between web servers and web browsers. SSL certificates can help protect an online user’s banking details, login credentials, email addresses, and other confidential information with first-rate encryption strength, keeping it nice and secure and away from the ruthless eyes of hackers.
An SSL certificate is issued by a Certificate Authority (CA). In this model, the CA is the trustworthy third party that will authenticate both ends of the transaction. An SSL certificate binds together a domain name, host name and server name along with the organizational identity and location.
Organizations that intend to secure their websites with SSL certificates need to install these digital certificates onto their web servers. This helps them secure their online sessions with web browsers. Depending on the type of SSL certificate chosen, an organization will need to go through various levels of validation.
After installing an SSL certificate successfully, a website connection with an ”https://” URL is established, which leads the web server to establish a secure connection with the web browser. Browsers then inform visitors that the website is SSL-Secured, with the help of several visible trust indicators, depending upon the type of SSL certificate:
- Domain validation – Here only domain is being validated by Certificate Authority and website with small infrastructure are using it.
- Organization Validation – Here both domain and business is being verified by Certificate Authority, SSL issuer need to submit documents for issuance. Medium level businesses are recommended to adopt OV SSL Certificate.
- Extended Validation – Caters highest level of encryption and trust, this certificate is used by large organizations, e-commerce businesses, social networks, banking & government sectors.
If a website has an Extended Validation (EV) SSL certificate, you can see the URL of the website displayed in the following manner on a trusted web-browser:
Website with an EV SSL certificate:
If the website has a Domain Validated SSL:
Benefits of SSL Certificate
- Encrypt website and secure communication between browser and server
- Protects user’s sensitive information
- Let’s users to complete a successful transaction without any risk of data loss
- Increases user’s trust and confidence
- Eliminates browser warning and alerts
- Boost up business conversation and helps to generate maximum revenue
- Increases Organization’s reputation over the internet
- Google also gives ranking benefits for SSL enable website
- Eliminates risk of phishing and other cyber attacks
- Available at lower cost and saves money by letting user to manage multiple website under single certificate
- How SSL certificate work
- How to buy SSL certificate
- Top SSL certificate brands
- SSL Certificate Providers Comparison